The case of granting and subsequently withdrawing coverage for deliveries to the Ilisu hydropower project was an outstanding process during five intensive years for the German, Austrian and Swiss ECAs. The ECAs had promised to benchmark the project against World Bank standards. It was also a test case for trying to improve a large dam project by demanding the implementation of 153 conditions and it is the first example where ECAs used an environmental default clause and actually had to enact it to withdraw from the project.

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